Michele Gelfand, Professor of Psychology on the College of Maryland, focuses a lot of her time on cross-cultural psychology. She is within the variations amongst cultures and norms, and the way they develop by time. In this episode, she and EconTalk host Russ Roberts have interaction in a well timed dialogue, excellent for our present scenario in America: a rift between the 2 extremes of free and tight cultures. Cautious examine performed by Gelfand has proven that there exists a great steadiness between the 2, however figuring out the steadiness is the problem. Gelfand views this dialogue within the public sphere as important to maintaining the American mission going. Professor Gelfand sits down with Roberts to debate her ideas and her new e book Rule Makers, Rule Breakers.


Questions for additional thought and dialog:

1- Gelfand notes that free cultures are actually good at considering and drafting concepts, however not essentially at implementing them. To what extent can this concept be in comparison with Thomas Sowell’s idea of constrained versus unconstrained visions?


2- What sorts of companies usually tend to have a good tradition? A free tradition? How does Professor Gelfand measure tightness and looseness?


3- In response to Professor Gelfand, how does risk or hazard act as a predictor of tightness in tradition, and for what causes?


4- Professor Gelfand argues that the kind of tradition is commonly tied into how experience is considered. With respect to how experience is considered, how do tight and free cultures examine?


5- Russ Roberts challenges Professor Gelfand for not distinguishing between government-imposed tightness and self-imposed tightness. How does Professor Gelfand defend her place?


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